Dynamic composition - photography with visual effects


What is composition in photography? This is the key question we answer in this practical guide. For both the novice photographer and the experienced professional, composition is the pillar on which a good photograph is based.

Basic principles of composition

Composition is the way in which elements in a frame are arranged in relation to each other. Composition can be static or dynamic, depending on how the subjects being photographed are arranged.

Static framing is associated with a sense of order and calm. In static compositions, the elements, not necessarily moving at all, often create symmetry, harmony. An example of this is a symmetrical composition, where elements on either side of an axis create a mirror effect.

In contrast, the punctuation of a frame is related to the impression of movement, which can be achieved in a number of ways. For example, a dynamic composition can include diagonal lines that lead our attention throughout the frame in an asymmetrical and somewhat chaotic manner.

The use of lines in composition

Line is a key element in a composition. Lines can be vertical, horizontal or diagonal. Horizontal lines are often associated with calmness, stability, while vertical lines can suggest strength and power. Diagonal lines, as mentioned earlier, add some speed and a sense of movement.

It is worth paying attention to the horizon line. Its position can significantly affect the perception of the photo. According to these rules, the horizon line should intersect the frame at one of the two intersections between the third sections of the image.

The golden division and the tri-partite principle

These are two key elements of composition that help to compose a photograph in a way that is pleasing to the eye. Tri-splitting involves dividing the frame into three equal parts both horizontally and vertically. The strong points of the frame are located at the intersections of these lines.

The golden division, like the tri-partition principle, is based on the subordination of elements in a composition in a way that is naturally appealing to the eye.

Examples of composition in practice

Open and closed composition are two different compositional techniques. In open composition, the elements in the frame make the viewer's eye move outside the frame of the photograph, creating a sense of space and dynamism. In closed composition, on the other hand, everything important is placed within the frame, creating a sense of calm and static.

From theory to practice: Composing the frame

Remember that while theory is important, composition is also a matter of practice and experimentation. Place objects in the photo according to the rules, but don't be afraid to break the rules and create your own unique compositions either.

Compositions in other arts, such as painting or architecture, are also worth looking at. You can learn a lot by observing how other artists solve compositional problems.

When to use static and when to use dynamic composition?

Static compositions are stationary and are ideal for situations that require the viewer to be focused and still. Immovable elements, symmetrical arrangements, or central placement of objects are all elements that can indicate a static composition. An example of a static composition can be a portrait, where the model's face is the focal point of the photograph and everything around it forms a harmonious whole.

On the other hand, dynamic composition adds energy to a photograph. Moving elements, diagonal lines, asymmetry - these elements can give the impression of movement and add dynamism to the image. An example of this is in sports photography, where the dynamics of movement are important.

Different compositional techniques in practice

It is important to remember that compositional elements such as lines can come in different forms. They can be physical lines, such as a road or a river, but they can also be lines created by the direction of the model's gaze or the movement of light.

The golden ratio and tri-division principle can be applied not only to static subjects, but also to dynamic ones. A dynamic frame can, for example, have the horizon line placed according to the tri-division principle, which adds dynamism to the photo.

Technical aspects of composition

When shooting, it is also worth paying attention to aspects such as sharpness, tonality, plane of focus and even the focal length of the lens. All of these elements have an impact on the final result and can significantly affect the composition of the photo.

Use of composition in various fields of photography

Composition is a key element in all types of photography, from portraits to landscapes and even in architectural photography. For example, in architectural photography, lines and symmetry often play a key role, creating strong points in the frame. Vertical and horizontal lines create a sense of stability, while diagonal or diagonal lines can add dynamism.

In portrait photography, on the other hand, skilful use of composition can help to emphasise the model's personality. Principles of composition such as the tri-partition principle are often used here, with the model placed at one of the intersection points.

Visual elements - how to make them look good

Composition is an integral part of a good photograph. It allows us to direct the viewer's eye, emphasise important elements, and add dynamism or calm. Remember, however, that the rules of composition are a tool that you can use as you see fit. It is up to you, as the photographer, to decide how to compose your photo. Whether it will be a static composition, a dynamic composition or perhaps a combination of both - the choice is yours.

So, grab your camera and start creating your own unique compositions! The adventure of photography is an ongoing process of learning and discovery. Remember that it is up to you to decide which elements to put in the frame and how to compose them with each other. Whether you are a beginner or an experienced photographer, there is always something new to learn and discover. After all, photography is not just a technique, but above all an art.

Bringing dynamism to your interior 

Dynamic composition is a photographic technique that brings a sense of movement and energy to an image. By choosing dynamic compositions to print on canvas, you can give your interior a vibrant and exciting feel. These types of images for the wall attract attention and bring the space to life, creating the impression that the frames go beyond the boundaries of the frame.

Use of dynamic composition in the home

Dynamic compositions often use diagonal lines, asymmetry and a variety of perspectives to give the image a sense of movement. When such images are printed on canvas, the effect is even more pronounced. Diagonal lines can lead the eye throughout the image, while asymmetrical arrangements can add drama and visual interest. In this way, dynamic images on canvas become the focal point of any room.

Creating energetic spaces

Dynamic canvas compositions work well in modern, creative spaces such as offices, studios or living rooms. Wall paintings that use dynamics can bring incredible energy and inspiration to interiors, which is particularly beneficial in spaces where we work or spend time developing passions. In such spaces, printed canvas prints with dynamic scenes can stimulate creativity and motivation.

Examples of dynamic compositions on a house wall

Sports scenes - photographs captured in motion, such as runners, cyclists or surfers, perfectly showcase the dynamics. The lines of movement and emotion captured in the frame catch the eye and bring an impression of action.

Urban traffic - photographs of busy streets, filled with the lights of cars and passers-by, create a sense of rhythm and constant movement. They are ideal for modern, urban interiors.

Nature in action - photographs depicting dynamic natural phenomena, such as waves crashing against rocks, storms or animals on the run, introduce an element of natural power and beauty.

Conclusions on static and dynamic composition

Composition in photography is an art that takes time to understand and master. But through experimentation, study and practice, every photographer has the chance to achieve mastery in this field. Remember that the final choice between static and dynamic composition, between different composition principles, always depends on what you want to convey in your photograph.

Your lens is a tool, but it is you, as the photographer, who decides what kind of image you want to create. Whether you prefer static or dynamic compositions or are interested in different compositional techniques, it is important to always look for ways to develop your photographic vision.

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